Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park
In the 27th meeting took place in Paris from June 30 to July 5, the United Nation Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO) recognized Phong Nha Ke Bang national park and others worldwide as world natural heritage sites.
Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park, suited in the Truong Son range’s North in central Quang Binh province, is the richest location for primates in Indo-China. It is one of the world’s two largest limestone regions.
Coming Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park, you can see with naked eyes the oldest major karts area in Asia. It has two parts: Phong Nha Nature Reserve and Ke Bang forest.
The limestone, grottoes and caves, cover over 200,000 ha of parkland, 95% of the park area is boast lush forest. It has over 300 caves, underground rivers and fascinating rock formations. .
It is regarded as a paradise for researchers and explorers of grottoes and caves. The phong Nha cave is the most beautiful cave in whole system, having many fascinating rock formations, interesting visitors with evocative names such as Lion, Fairy Caves, Royal Court and Buddha.
Specially, visiting Phong Nha cave, tourists have chance to see the longest underground rivers, the largest caverns and passageways. The widest and prettiest sand banks, the most astonishing rock formations in the world are also attractions of the Phong Nha Ke Bang’s site.
Phong Nha Ke Bang has 140 families, 427 branches, and 751 species of high-rated plants, among of them has 36 species are listed in the Viet Nam Red Book. There are also 32, 98 families, 256 races and 381 species of four land backboned animals. Vietnam red book has sixty-six animal species and 23 other species in the World Red Book. Phong Nha-Ke Bang’s animals are the most diverse in national parks’ animals.
Phong Nha-Ke Bang also has dozens of unexplored mountain peaks of over 1,000 meters; it is an ideal site for climbing and exploration. Peak Co Rilata with the height of 1,128 m and Peak Co Preu, 1,213 m are the outstanding mountains. Tourists will can visit the valleys which lie between these peaks and can bring about exciting eco-tours.
Moreover, Phong Nha Ke Bang is home of archaeology and historical relics namely King Ham Nghi’s Base, built in the late 19th century, the Xuan Son ferry station, Ho Chi Minh trail and road, and ancient hieroglyphic script of the Cham ethnic minority.
Phong Nha Ke Bang today has been attracting many tourists. Central Quang Binh province has invested much money to upgrade the Phong Nha-Ke Bang. It became one of the country’s major tourist destinations. Anthony Sun in USA said that “ Phong Nha is by far the best and most natural with the most unique rock formations”.
In brief, Phong Nha shows an impressive amount of evidence for the history of the earth. It is a site of great importance in increasing our understanding about the geologic, geomorphic and geo-chronological history of the region.