Da Lat city Overview

Da Lat is known as the flower city, love city, autumn city or fog city. It is one of the famous destinations in Vietnam.  It covers 393.29 km2. It belongs to the Lam Dong province. Under the French, it has Latin name – Dat Aliis Laetitiam Aliis Temperiem with meaning “giving the pleasure and happiness for people”.

Da Lat is located 1,500 m (4,900 ft) above sea level on the Langbiang Plateau in the southern parts of the Central Highlands. On the North it faces Lac Duong province, it faces Don Duong on the South – East and East, and on the South- West and West it is near Lam Ha and  Duc Trong provinces.

Many years ago, Lach people mostly lived in Da Lat. It is covered by the high mountains:

-          It is limited by  Choromui, Yo Da Myut mountain  on its North,

-          In the East it is the leg of the Bi Doup Mountain.

-          In the South – East it is covered by the Cho Proline.

-          It is covered by Voi and Yang  Soyeng mountain on the South- West and South.

Geography:  It is above sea level about 1.500 m. “Museum house” is the highest location and Nguyen Tri Phuong plateau is the lowest location in the city.

In the plateau, Da lat is divided into two areas:

-          In the center it has the pan – shaped valley including hills with height about 25 – 100 m.

-          The center is covered by mountains with the high about 1. 700 m. In the North- east there are: Ong and Bo mountains. The huge Ba mountain ( 2.169 m) is located on the South of the Lang Biang  plateau, it runs from the Da Sar spring to  Da Me spring. In the East  Gio Hu mountain  is suited. The mountains face Ta Nung in the South – West.
Climate:

Because effect of the height and covered the pine wood on Da Lat, it has year-round temperate weather. The average temperate is about from 18 to 21 degree, the highest temperate is never above 30°C and the lowest temper is never under 5°C.

It is separated into 2 seasons. The rainy season is from May to October, the dry season lasts from November to April. In the summer, it often has rain in the afternoon.  Annually, the average precipitation is 1,750mm. Specially, Da Lat has not storm yet.

Thanks to these characteristics of climate, Dalat is regarded as a honeymoon land in Vietnam.

Population:

According to the data in 2010, Da lat’s population is 301, 243.

Before the Second World war, Dalat’s population was not as crowded as now. Most of them are native people. The prisons located in Da lat firstly as they were sent to Da Lat to reclaim waste land instead of going to the Con Dao.  From 1933 to 1938, many constructions were completed. From this year the Da lat’s population started increasing fast from 1, 500 to 9, 000, in 1936 the number is 11,500. In the end of 1942 Da lat had 20 thousand people.

The population increased quickly: in 1940 it was 13, 000, in 1942 it was 20, 000 and up to 25, 000 in 1944. In 1994, the population of DaLat increased to 129, 400.

Da lat is considered as a “little Paris”, it is charming thanks to its fog in the morning and the pine wood. Da Lat nowadays, becomes one of the best destinations in Vietnam.

Natural beauty

It’s no easy at all for travelers to choose the initial visiting place in Da Lat for its widespread covering beauty. On a whole, Da Lat looks like a cross between Vietnam and the French Alps. As mentioned, most of its hotels and houses were built in French style. The town spreads across a series of pine-covered hills, with a small lake in the center, while surrounded by high peaks, creating lovely scenery quite different from the rest of Vietnam. Temperatures are pleasantly warm by day and quite cool at night, down to perhaps 10oC.

Today, Dalat is undoubtedly a beautiful tourist town. The vast majority of visitors are both domestic and foreign tourists on short package tours, drawn by the scenery, vivid blue skies, fresh air, flower-filled parks, and local edible treatment. Dalat is a favorite destination for company weekend outings, family get-away, and most of all, honeymoons. For overseas visitors, it offers a chance to cool down, view a bit of the French legacy, and enjoy the atmosphere. Also, Da Lat is surrounded by some of the best mountain biking, hiking and canyoning opportunities in Vietnam. Da Lat’s high altitude of 1,500-2,000m and fertile landscape make it one among Vietnam’s premium agricultural areas, producing a variety of fruits, vegetables and flowers that do not grow in the lowlands. In markets as far north as Hanoi, vegetables and flower vendors will tout their “made in Da Lat” produce.

Top visiting places

Whoever has come to Da Lat could never forget Xua Huong Lake (Hồ Xuân Hương), which is located in center of town. Xuan Huong Lake is now one of the main draws of Da Lat, and also where we can see honeymooners and local people strolling along its bank. Side by side Xuan Huong Lake is Top-peg Hill (Đồi Cù), where has grown up a vast golf ground. If you are fond of fresh flowers, Da Lat Flow Park is your accurate choice. The park, around 7 000 square meters, is situated on top of the Top-peg Hill, northern bank of Xuan Huong Lake, and full of species of beautiful colored flowers to be extremely well-fed by planters. Tourists are all interested in the Da Lat’s flower festival, bringing them to a flowerfully fresh heaven!

For couples, Valley of Love (Thung Lũng Tình Yêu) is the premium place to go. Its special name derived from its romantic view of silence, grace and green. The other choice is Lake of Sorrow or Lake of Sighs (Hồ Than thở), whose name came from a tale of two lovers, one of whom committed suicide after the other was called up to serve in the army. The romantic and beautiful Tuyen Lam Lake (Hồ Tuyền Lâm) (the lake where rivers, springs and forests meet), Prenn Falls, or Pongour are also worth visiting for their beauty and fun.

On the other hand, Da Lat is popular for French-style architecture. Examples are King Bao Dai’s Palace, Ngo Dinh Diem and Nguyen Cao Ky’s villas, Hang Nga villas, and so forth. All of those should really be visited since they demonstrate the deeply special beauty and somehow culture of the old French.

Tourist activities

- A striking, not-quite-finished fantasy house designed by the daughter of an independence war hero. Worth a visit if you are interested in architecture, or like Dr. Seuss-style surroundings.

- A set of flower gardens centered on a re-constructed traditional Vietnamese teakwood house.

- A hill-top pagoda coupled with a brief cable car ride over the pine forest

- A ride in a land rover up to the top of Langbiang Mountain, with nice views of Dalat and the surrounding mountains and valleys.

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