Duong Lam Ancient Village

Vietnam in general and the North of the country in particular have a diversified culture characterized by the community group units including villages. Ranking one the top destinations in Hanoi, Duong Lam village is the first ancient village recognized as a national relic by the Ministry of Culture and Information. It is suited in Son Tay town ( about 60km to the west of Hanoi city).

Duong Lam Ancient Village has a history of about 1,200 years with many houses dating back up to 400 years. It is the unique Vietnam’s village where two Kings, Phung Hung (761-802) and Ngo Quyen (896-944) were born. Both men are talented kings; they leaded resistance wars against northern invasion. They had winning and became the Kings. After their deaths, the local people built temples honorizing them

Specially, the local people made most of the buildings here by laterite and mud, two materials that are available in the area. Laterite is used on house walls, gates, wells, temple walls, and so forth. The mud is taken from ponds. Duong Lam village is best known for owing unique historical, tourism values. Scientists said that it is an important place to study resident communities in ancient agriculture. The village gate, banyan, well, communal house are important features in classifying Duong Lam ancient village.

Well


There is a well in every Duong Lam village’s hamlet. Especially the well named after the hamlet it is suited. Presently, each family has its own well but they still protected the common well carefully because it contains many the villagers’ imprints.

Communal house


The communal house is a worshipping place of the god – founder of the village.  Each village has its own communal house, so there are 5 communal houses. Phung Hung, the national hero, was dedicated in Doai Giap and Cam Lam communal houses, great mandarin Cao Phuc Dien, the hero under the Le Dynasty and the founder of the village were dedicated in Cam Thinh communal house. Dong Sang communal house worships the God but it was destroyed by fire and was restored by financial support from people. Mong Phu communal house dedicated the God Tan Vien Son. So far, it is a meeting place of the local people  for cultural activities. So it was made carefully with combination of many decoration details. It created the unique sculptural architecture.

Architecture of the house


The wooden house mainly has 5 or 7 spans with 2 wings. It has 5 rows of columns, sometimes 4 rows of columns. The house is specialized as the form of flowers, leaves, clouds.

Wooden door has a firm system. 4 leaves of the door with upper and lower joints. In each span. Thresholds were made of firm wood above 40-50cm from the ground and 10cm from the floor.  So it can avoid humidity for the thresholds. The whole system of the thresholds is the tie system linking all spans together.

Duong Lam has 21 relic sites, including temples, pagodas and tombs, ten of which have been recognized as national and provincial relics.  Many festivals, customs and literature have been preserved in Duong Lam.   Duong lam has many charming sightseeing linked with the legendary stories such as Guom Hill, Ho Gam and tales on the two kings Phuong Hung and Ngo Quyen.

Passing many years, relics such as Mia Pagoda, Phung Hung Temple, Ngo Quyen Temple and Mong Phu communal house have changed a lot. Nowadays, they have been restored. The Duong Lam ancient’s the tangible cultural relics and the intangible cultural relics as well as the ecological environment should be preserved.

The construction of the new cultural buildings is the combination between traditional and modern cultural values. Presently, it is very important to preserve and develop the Duong  Lam ancient village. It is one of the most attractive destinations in Vietnam in generally and in Son Tay particularly.

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