Phat Diem Cathedral
Phat Diem Cathedral is located in Kim Son district, Ninh Binh province. Suited 120 km south of Hanoi capital, the cathedral was built between 1875 and 1898. Phat Diem means the finding of beauty, named by Nguyen Cong Tru.
Kim Son, which is new land area, formerly it was very muddy, before building people must move a small mountain far about 40km to Phat Diem.
Phat Diem Cathedral’s the design is a harmonious combination of traditional pagoda architecture of Vietnam mixed with the Gothic style of Christian architecture. The unique building also shows the skilful techniques of Vietnamese artisans since the 19th century.
Phuong Dinh is the first area in architectural ensemble of the Phat Diem Cathedral. This is a structure of 25 meters in height, 17m in width, 24m in length with three floors. The cathedral was built by blue stones. In the second floor, a large drum is hung.
In the third floor, there is a bell which has a height of 1.4 meters. The roof of the Phuong Dinh has five domes. The highest dome is in the middle of the third floor. Phat Diem cathedral’s roof is not high as the other churches’ roof.
The Cathedral was built in 1891. It is 74m in length, 21m in width and 15m in height. In the church, there are six ironwood columns of about 10 tons in weight per one.
Everything in this church was made of stone:the ground, walls, columns, doors, etc, so the church was called Stone Church.
Three caves were created by different sizes of rocks in the north of the Phat Diem cathedral. Lo Duc cave is the most beautiful one.
The Phat Diem Cathedral, a unique structure in Ninh Binh province, Vietnam, and is an ideal point of tourism!